Loading...
 

Pecan

Pecan

Pecan Tree Carya illinoinensis, 68-year-old tree from seed. Morton Arboretum acc.
Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Carya_illinoinensis.jpg
Attribution: Bruce Marlin [CC BY 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)]

Information

Latin (group) name: Carya
Latin (specific) name: Carya Illinoensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
Average max height: 90' to 100'
Average diameter: 2' to 4'
Associated state: Texas
Category: American Woods
The Hardwoods - Broadleafs

Growth Range Map

Natural distribution map for Carya illinoensis
Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Carya_illinoinensis_range_map_1.png
Attribution: Elbert L. Little, Jr., of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, and others [Public domain]

The Tree

The Pecan is one of four of the commercially important pecan hickories, namely Sweet Pecan, Water Hickory (also called Bitter Pecan), Nutmeg Hickory and Bitternut Hickory. The largest of the hickory genus, the Pecan is often 90 to 100 feet high, has a trunk two to four feet in diameter, and a symmetrical crown and heavy branches. The light brown or gray bark is thick and deep furrowed. The leaf resembles other hickories, and the edible thick shelled nuts are a household delicacy. The tree has been developed to produce large, very thin shelled, meaty nuts which have a valuable commercial market. The Pecan is the official State tree of Texas, and is sometimes erroneously mentioned as the State tree of Oklahoma, which is the Eastern Bedbud chosen in 1937.

pecan tree bark
Pecan tree bark
pecan fruit
Pecan fruit
pecan foliage
Pecan foliage

Common Names in Use

Pecan (Va., N.C., S.C., Tenn., Ga., Ala., Miss., Tex., La., Ark., Mo., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans.)
Pecan Nut (La.)
Pecanier (La.)
Pecan-tree (La.)

Growth Range

The natural growth range of Pecan (Sweet Pecan) extends from Indiana to the southwestern corner of Wisconsin, eastern Iowa and Kansas, southward to Alabama,Texas and Mexico. Improved cultivated varieties of Pecan have very greatly extended its range to other States.

The Wood

The heartwood of the Pecan is a pale brown to a reddish-brown, or a light-brown tinged with red. The sapwood is almost white, sometimes lightly tinged with brown. The wood is heavy, stiff, strong, very hard, brittle, compact in grain. The medullary rays are quite conspicuous. The wood requires careful machining but may be planed readily and turned for the many uses of wood requiring strength and durability.

pecan
Hicoria Pecan (Britt.)

Uses

The better grades of Pecan wood are used for parts for motor vehicles, furniture, flooring, handles, baseball bats, etc. Some Pecan veneer is used for interior trim. The wood is also used for smoking meats because of the pleasing flavor imparted by hickory smoke.

pecan bowl
Pecan bowl turned by Jim Robinson

File References

  ID T Name Size Last modified Actions
490 Carya Illinoensis (Wangenheim) K. Koch
Pecan Tree Carya illinoinensis, 68-year-old tree from seed. Morton Arboretum acc.
Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Carya_illinoinensis.jpg
Attribution: Bruce Marlin [CC BY 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)]
282.78 KB 11-28-2019
491 Pecan Foliage
Pecan foliage
Reference: World Plants. https://worldplants.ca/display0.php?id=6067#bodyContent. Accessed 28 Nov. 2019.
Source: https://worldplants.ca/photos/Carya-illinoinensis-jp-lf-1.jpg
138.96 KB 11-28-2019
492 Pecan Fruit
Pecan fruit
Reference: World Plants. https://worldplants.ca/display0.php?id=6067#bodyContent. Accessed 28 Nov. 2019.
Source: https://worldplants.ca/photos/Carya-illinoinensis-jp-frt-1.JPG
140.21 KB 11-28-2019
493 Pecan Tree Bark
Pecan tree bark
Reference: World Plants. https://worldplants.ca/display0.php?id=6067#bodyContent. Accessed 28 Nov. 2019.
Source: https://worldplants.ca/photos/Carya-illinoinensis-jp-brk-1.jpg
301.23 KB 11-28-2019
495 267. Hicoria Pecan (Britt.)
Romeyn B. Hough's American Woods, Volume XI plate 267
Reference: The American Woods: Exhibited by Actual Specimens and with Copious Explanatory Text by Romeyn B. Hough. https://www.lib.ncsu.edu/specialcollections/forestry/hough/common.html. Accessed 28 Nov. 2019.
875.93 KB 11-28-2019
497 Pecan Bowl
Pecan Bowl turned by Jim Robinson
Reference: Warby, William. Bowl. 17 Oct. 2009. Flickr, https://www.flickr.com/photos/wwarby/4046737583/.
Attribution: William Warby
314.03 KB 11-29-2019

Bibliography


  • Shelley E. Schoonover (American Woods) 1951 (Watling & Co. ) Santa Monica, CA 

Contributors to this page: admin and John Morris .
Page last modified on Saturday November 30, 2019 07:25:38 PST by admin.