Red Pine

Red Pine
Reference: "File:Pinus resinosa.jpg." Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. 29 Dec 2017, 18:17 UTC. 25 Jul 2018, 03:11 .

Latin (group) name: Pinus
Latin (specific) name: Pinus Resinosa Aiton
Average max height: 60' to 80'
Average diameter: 2' to 3'
Associated state: none
Category: American Woods
The Softwoods - Conifers

The Tree

The Red Pine is a medium sized pine 60 to 80 feet high and 2 to 8 feet in diameter. It is characterized by its long, straight, clean trunk and reddish-brown flaky or scaly bark. The crown is usually well rounded and symmetrical. The dark green, glossy needles 4 to 6 inches long, are borne in pairs clustered near the ends of the branches, and remain on the tree four or five years. The spineless cones are comparatively small and very compact. Throughout the Great Lakes region, as the supply of Eastern White Pine is gradually depleted, the Red Pine is being heavily
planted because of its disease resistance and desirable lumber qualities. It grows rapidly, reproduces easily from seed and is a beautiful sturdy tree. Unfortunately, it has long been known as Norway Pine although it is a native American species and not imported from Norway. Very probably Norway Pine was so named because large stands of this tree were found near the Village of Norway, Maine.

red pine
Pinus Resinosa Aiton foilage

Common Names in Use

Norway Pine (trade)
Pig Iron Pine (Minn.)
Canadian Pine(Eng., trade)
Pitch Pine (Can.)
Canadian Red Pine (Eng.)
Pig Iron Norway (Me.,Minn.)
Hard Pine (Wis., Me., trade)
Quebec Pine (Eng., trade)
Norway (trade)
Red Deal (Eng., trade)
Norway Pine (Me., N.H., Vt., Mass., N.Y., Wis., Mich., Minn., Ontario., hort. and trade)
Red Pine (Vt., N.H., N.Y., Wis., Minn., Ontario., hort. and trade)
Shellbark Norway (Minn.)
Northern Pine (trade)
Yellow Deal (Eng., trade)

Growth Range

The growth range of Red Pine is from Minnesota and adjacent parts of southern Canada, through Wisconsin, Michigan, the northeast corner of Ohio eastward through Pennsylvania and the northeastern states. Scattered groves may be found as far southward as West Virginia.

The Wood

Red Pine heartwood is a pale very light red orange brown or light pinkish tan, while the sapwood is moderately wide and a creamy light yellow or nearly white color. The wood is straight-grained, medium-textured, moderately soft, non-porous, and heavier than White Pine. Distinctive rings give it a slight figure. It has small resin ducts, is strong, rather stiff and has a prominent resinous odor. It is easily worked with tools and has an “oily” feel in handling. The wood nails easily without splitting and stays in place with little shrinkage when properly seasoned.

Clear Red Pine lumber
Clear Red Pine lumber


This wood is commercially important for sash, doors, flooring, interior and exterior trim, cabin logs, hewed and sawed railroad ties, ship construction, general millwork and general construction, box car construction, agricultural implements, wooden ware, toys and other uses similar to Eastern White Pine. It is also used for “knotty pine” finishing and for paper pulp.

red pine flooring
Red Pine Flooring

File References

  ID T Name Size Last modified Actions
116 Pinus Resinosa Aiton.jpg
Red Pine
Reference: "File:Pinus resinosa.jpg." Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. 29 Dec 2017, 18:17 UTC. 25 Jul 2018, 03:11 .
524.15 KB 02-03-2019
117 Pinus Resinosa Aiton Foliage
Red Pine

202.56 KB 07-24-2018
118 Red Pine Flooring
Red Pine plank flooring.
Reference: Custom Red Pine Wide Plank Flooring - Ponders Hollow Custom Wood Flooring & Millwork | Westfield, MA. http://www.pondershollow.com/wood-flooring/red-pine. Accessed 25 July 2018.
39.41 KB 02-03-2019
119 Red Pine Clear
Red Pine board, typically found in home centers and specialty lumber outlets.
Reference: Antique Pine Flooring – Century Wood Products Inc. https://century-wood.com/?page_id=4913. Accessed 25 July 2018.
289.62 KB 02-03-2019


  • Shelley E. Schoonover (American Woods) 1951 (Watling & Co. ) Santa Monica, CA 

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Page last modified on Saturday December 3, 2022 12:03:02 PST by admin.