1 A society is a group of individuals involved in persistent social interaction, or a large social group sharing the same geographical or social territory, typically subject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations. Societies are characterized by patterns of relationships (social relations) between individuals who share a distinctive culture and institutions; a given society may be described as the sum total of such relationships among its constituent of members. In the social sciences, a larger society often exhibits stratification or dominance patterns in subgroups.
Insofar as it is collaborative, a society can enable its members to benefit in ways that would not otherwise be possible on an individual basis; both individual and social (common) benefits can thus be distinguished, or in many cases found to overlap. A society can also consist of like-minded people governed by their own norms and values within a dominant, larger society. This is sometimes referred to as a subculture, a term used extensively within criminology.
More broadly, and especially within structuralist thought, a society may be illustrated as an economic, social, industrial or cultural infrastructure, made up of, yet distinct from, a varied collection of individuals. In this regard society can mean the objective relationships people have with the material world and with other people, rather than "other people" beyond the individual and their familiar social environment.
Welcome to the Society category. Please use this category for your research projects pertaining to the study of Societies. The "society" research projects related to woodworking could include research about societies around our world that are notable for their utilization of wood that is the arts, crafts and trades within woodworking . Please research your subject diligently. Reference all sources. Name all files and images appropriately before uploading to our server. Image and files that contain arbitrary titles or naming conventions will be removed from this wiki.
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George Fox portrait by Thomas Fairland
Attribution: Thomas Fairland [Public domain]
|399||Shaker Library (Sabbathday Lake Shaker Village)
The library and schoolhouse at Sabbathday Lake Shaker Village in New Gloucester, Maine.
Attribution: Tim Pierce [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)]
|393||Meeting House (North Union Shaker Village)
Meeting house at the North Union Shaker Village
Attribution: Cleveland Historical
Martin Luther - 1529, Questioned the Catholic Church’s ability to define Christian practice.
Attribution: By Lucas Cranach the Elder - This file was derived from: Luther46c.jpg, Retouched version of faithful photographic reproduction, (from source file), Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=74000573
|378||Main Dwelling (Mt. Lebanon Shaker Society New York)
Building #1 and Main dwelling for the Mount Lebanon Shaker Society on Shaker Road in New Lebanon, New York as photographed 12 July 2008 from across Shaker Rd.
Attribution: By Adam Lenhardt - taken myself, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6878409
|377||Shaker Buildings Of Massachusettes (Hancock Shaker Village)
Reference: Admin, H. S. V. “Shaker Seminar.” Hancock Shaker Village, https://hancockshakervillage.org/whats-new/shaker-seminar/. Accessed 25 Feb. 2019.
The tree of societal leaves and branches
|375||Meeting House (Groveland Shaker Village)
Groveland Shaker Village, New York., 1890s. The photograph includes an 1842 meetinghouse (right), shops, and a four-story, late 1850s brick East Family building. New York State Museum, Albany.
Attribution: Unknown, photograph taken in 1890s [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
|374||Shaker Buildings Of Connecticut (Old Enfield Shaker Village)
Enfield (CT) Shaker Village in c. 1910, now site of Enfield Correctional Institute. From an old postcard.
Attribution: postcard [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
|373||Church Family Dwelling (Enfield Shaker Village)
The Church Family Dwelling House, built between 1837 and 1841, was the largest dwelling built by the Shakers. Although built largely by the Shakers themselves, the society employed some help from the "world's people" in the design and construction of the building. The building's simple, Greek Revival design is attributed to the prominent American architect, Ammi Burnham Young, who later became Supervising Architect of the Treasury. Luther Kingsley, a Boston stonemason, was contracted to assemble the wall of locally quarried white granite. An unusual feature of this structure was the system of heavy timber trusses within the floors and walls of the third and fourth floors. These trusses supported the upper floors to allow a second floor meeting room to extend the full width of the building, 54'-4", uninterrupted by columns. The dwelling house was the most distinctive structure at Enfield. It was one of the earliest stone structures designed by Young and was probably the largest stone building north of...
|372||Buildings (Canterbury Shaker Village)
The historic site and museum preserves a site that was one of a number of Shaker communities founded in the 19th century. The United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing, more commonly known as the Shakers, is a millenarian restorationist Christian sect founded in the 18th century in England. They were initially known as "Shaking Quakers" because of their ecstatic behavior during worship services.
Attribution: Photographs in Carol M. Highsmith's America Project in the Carol M. Highsmith Archive, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division.
|371||South Section (Canterbury Shaker Village) Diagram
Pen-and-ink and watercolor. Structures drawn in elevations, numbered, and identified by a legend. "The artist who drew this diagram, not being acquainted with any rules of drawing, hopes it will be sufficient apology for the imperfections which may be found." "It is not drawed from any measurement or scale, but the buildings are placed nearly in their natural situation." Available also through the Library of Congress web site as a raster image.
Attribution: Foster, Peter (Artist) 1849
|370||Main Buildings (Alfred Shaker Village)
Main buildings, Shaker Village, Alfred, ME; from a c. 1915 postcard.
Attribution: By Unknown - postcard, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=11314182