Material Processing Research Portal


Material processing, the series of operations that transforms industrial materials from a raw-material state into finished parts or products. Industrial materials are defined as those used in the manufacture of “hard” goods, such as more or less durable machines and equipment produced for industry and consumers, as contrasted with disposable “soft” goods, such as chemicals, foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals, and apparel.

Shipworkers using a
Shipworkers using a "Ships Carpenters Adze"

Materials processing by hand is as old as civilization; mechanization began with the Industrial Revolution of the 18th century, and in the early 19th century the basic machines for forming, shaping, and cutting were developed, principally in England. Since then, materials-processing methods, techniques, and machinery have grown in variety and number.

Welcome to the Material Processing category, Please use this category for your research projects pertaining to the processes included in the manipulation and changing of the main medium of wood. The projects that may be included in this category are related to the machinery, tools and products that are used to form and shape and finish the wood. For example you may want to create a page for a specific type of tool or machine, powered by conventional means or by human power. You may also want to create a page related to a process in finishing the wood. The world of tools, machinery and finishing are vast and expansive. Name all files and images appropriately before uploading to our server. Images and files that contain arbitrary titles or naming conventions will be removed from this wiki.


Create a project in the Material Processing category by clicking on Create a Wiki Page. Once the page is created you can choose the Material Processing category in the "Properties" tab of your wiki page project.

Hand tool intro

Research links

The links provided below are helpful links for our editors to use, they are by no means meant to be the only source. If you find links that are helpful for the research of this subject, please include them below.

Project pages in this category

Page Hits Last modification Last author Version Links Backl. Categories
Adze 0
07-01-2018 10:01
added to category adze
admin 17 7 0 Material Processing
Hand Tool
Hammer 0
07-30-2018 16:36
footnote Plugin modified by editor.
admin 21 0 0 Material Processing
Hand Tool
Material Processing Research Portal 0
09-14-2018 05:46
img Plugin modified by editor.
admin 19 0 0 Material Processing

Files and images in this category

  ID T Name Actions
104 Jan Verbruggen Foundry Drawing 47 Horizontal Boring Machine
Exact Drawing made with Camera Obscura of Horizontal Boring Machine by Jan Verbruggen in Woolwich Royal Brass Foundry approx 1778 (drawing 47 out of set of 50 drawings)

Attribution: By Pieter Verbruggen (Family Archive Semeijns de Vries van Doesburgh) [CC BY-SA 3.0
Source: By Pieter Verbruggen (Family Archive Semeijns de Vries van Doesburgh) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
89 The Adze And The Ungrooved Axe Of The New England Indians
88 Pronunciation En Hammer
Reference: Team, Forvo. “How to Pronounce Hammer in English - Definition and Synonyms of Hammer in English.” Forvo.Com, https://forvo.com/word/hammer/. Accessed 1 July 2018.
85 Neolithic and Copper age Hammers.jpg
Basic types of stone tools: knives, axes, a hammer-axe and a hammerstone. Neolithic or Copper Age. The City of Prague Museum.

Reference: "File:Stone tools, Neolithic or Copper Age, City of Prague Museum, 175541.jpg." Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. 15 May 2017, 18:41 UTC. 28 Jun 2018, 03:55 .

Photo Credit:
80 Canadian Forest Industries 1907
Canadian Forest Industries image from the book at https://archive.org/stream/canadianforest1907donm/#page/n360/mode/1up

Reference: By Internet Archive Book Images [No restrictions], via Wikimedia Commons
Source: Canadian forest industries 1907 (1907) (20515680292).jpg. (2017, April 4). Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Retrieved 04:30, September 28, 2017 from https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php title=File:Canadian_forest_industries_1907_(1907)_(20515680292).jpg&oldid=239750105.
81 Horizontal Log Band Mill (Carpentry And Joinery,1925)
Horizontal Log Band Mill made by Robinson & Co. of Rochdale, England.
Used for breaking down either round or square logs, and sawing flitches or boards. This saw is specialized for accurate cutting, with a fine gauge saw band and also careful attention paid to the accuracy and stability of the bearings. The log is carried on a carriage moving beneath a stationary saw gantry. Both saw and feed are driven by separate electric motors.

Reference: By Andy Dingley (scanner) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons.
Source: Scan from Ednie, John (editor) (1925) Carpentry and Joinery, Carpentry and Joinery, vol. IV, London: Gresham Publishing, pp. 63, fig. 6
82 Rack Sawbench (Carpentry And Joinery, 1925)
‘Rack Saw-bench with Self-acting Top’
Circular saw ripping saw-bench. The saw in this case remains fixed, but the sliding table moves past it on rollers, carrying the log with it. Note the lack of splitter, not unusual for this period.

Reference: By Andy Dingley (scanner) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
Source: Scan from Ednie, John (editor) (1925) Carpentry and Joinery, Carpentry and Joinery, vol. V, London: Gresham Publishing, pp. fig. 27
83 Spiral Turning Lathe (Carpentry And Joinery, 1925)
A lathe for turning spirals, as commonly seen on table legs in the "Jacobean" or "Barley sugar" reproduction styles, particularly popular in the 1920s.

Cutting is done by a small rotating cutter in a tilted head. As the work revolves slowly in the lathe, a leadscrew (as for a screwcutting lathe) or in this case a rack arrangement traverses the workpiece axially, beneath the fixed cutter.

Reference: "File:Spiral turning lathe (Carpentry and Joinery, 1925).jpg." Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. 16 Jun 2014, 15:53 UTC. 27 Jun 2018, 04:24 .
84 Universal Woodworker (Carpentry And Joinery, 1925)
Universal Woodworker machine: a combination planer, saw and moulder. Note the use of a square cutter head with flat plate cutters bolted to it.
Reference: By Andy Dingley (scanner) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
Source: Scan from Ednie, John (editor) (1925) Carpentry and Joinery, Carpentry and Joinery, vol. V, London: Gresham Publishing, pp. fig. 52
72 Carpenters CNY USSC Restoration 1927
Adzes are used to chip away at the surface of the timber, either to reduce its size or to shape it to a particular dimension. Depending on the size of the adze and curvature of the blade, a skilled adzeman could plane the surface of the timber quite smoothly with little trace of the adze blade.

Reference: “Axes and Adzes.” USS Constitution Museum, 28 July 2015, https://ussconstitutionmuseum.org/2015/07/28/axes-and-adzes/.


Contributors to this page: admin .
Page last modified on Friday September 14, 2018 05:46:56 PDT by admin.