|Latin (group) name: Pinus|
|Latin (specific) name: Pinus Strobus Linnaeus|
|Average max height: 100' to 200'|
|Average diameter: 3' to 6'|
|Associated state: Maine and Minnesota|
|Category: American Woods|
The Softwoods - Conifers
The Eastern White Pine, the king of all trees east of the Mississippi, and upon which the lumber industry of the United States was founded, is a stately tree growing to a height of 100 to 150 feet and occasionally over 200 feet, and 3 to 6 feet in diameter. It has a straight trunk gradually tapering its full length with comparatively light straight limbs, and forming a rather open irregular top. The dark gray bark is deeply furrowed in long ridges. The needles are a bluish green 3 to 5 inches long, and are borne in bundles of ﬁve. The slender cones are from 5 to 10 inches long, usually curved and mature at the end of the second season. The white pines are very susceptible to the White Pine Blister Rust disease and large expenditures are made annually to combat the disease by destroying the alternate host, the wild currant and gooseberry bushes. Stands of this wonderful tree are gradually being depleted. From 1875 to 1895 sale of White Pine lumber made countless millionaires in the Lake States and New England. In 1873 a boom of White Pine logs containing 600 logs averaging 42 feet long and 4 feet in diameter. A million board feet of lumber, was taken from Muskegon, Michigan, to Chicago. Few of the larger specimens of this tree remain. In 1945 in Wisconsin a White Pine was found 140 ft high, with trunk circumference of 16 1/2 feet and containing 8,000 board feet of lumber. The tree was estimated to be about 400 years old.
The Eastern White Pine is the recognized but unofficial state tree of Maine, the Pine Tree State. It is also the recognized and the unofﬁcial State tree of Minnesota.
Common Names in Use
- Eastern White Pine (trade)
- Apple Pine
- Balsam Pin (N.C.)
- Canadian White Pine (trade)
- Cork Pine (Mich.)
- Minnesota White Pine (trade)
- Northern Pine (S.C. and trade)
- Pumpkin Pine (Mich. and trade)
- Sapling Pine
- Soft Cork White Pine (trade)
- Soft Minnesota White Pine (trade)
- Soft Pine (Pa.)
- Soft White Pine (trade)
- Spruce Pine (Tenn.)
- Weymouth Pine (Mass., S.C.)
- Wisconsin White Pine (trade)
- White Pine (Me., N.H., Vt., Mass., R.I., Conn., N.Y., N.J., Pa., Del., Va., W. Va., N.C., Ga., Ind., Ill., Wis., Mich., Ohio, Ontario, Nebr.)
The natural growth range of Eastern White Pine is from Newfoundland to Lake Winnipeg in the province of Manitoba, Canada, southward through eastern Minnesota to the south eastern section of Iowa; eastward through Wisconsin and Michigan with scattered stands in Illinois, Indiana and Ohio; from Maine southward through the New England states, and the Appalachians along the Allegheny Mountains as far south as northern Georgia.
The heartwood of Eastern White Pine is a very light creamy brown or tan slightly tinged with red, turning somewhat darker after exposure to the air. The sapwood is usually narrow to medium wide and a creamy white or pale yellowish color. The texture is ﬁne and very uniform, straight even grained, nonporous, soft, not stiff, with little or no ﬁgure. It seasons well with very little warping and is relatively free from resin. It is the carpenter’s delight as it is very easily worked,glued, carved and ﬁnished. It takes and holds paint well, nails easily but is only average in ability to hold screws and nails. Does not split easily in nailing. Stays in place when well seasoned.
The Eastern White Pine has long been famed for pattern making because of its clear uniform straight grain and soft ﬁne texture. It has a very wide variety of uses from matches, sash, doors, general construction, signs, interior trim, shade and map rollers, caskets, wooden-ware and novelties, toys, dairy and poultry supplies, boxes, cabinet making, boot and shoe ﬁndings, conduits, dairy, poultry and apiary supplies and hundreds of other uses.
|103||Eastern White Pine
Pinus strobus trees, Sherburne NWR, Minnesota. US FWS photo
Attribution: By US FWS - https://web.archive.org/web/20080123082719/http://www.fws.gov/midwest/Sherburne/plantpics/PIST1.HTM, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=666514
|108||Eastern White Pine Cone
The Eastern White Pine Cone with the scales beginning to lift and drop seeds.
Reference: Seed Propagation of Eastern White Pine - 4 Plant Propagation Methods. http://sites.psu.edu/hort202jamison/2015/11/20/seed-propagation-of-eastern-white-pine/. Accessed 23 July 2018.
|109||Eastern White Pine Bark
Bark of the Eastern White Pine
Reference: Eastern White Pine (Pinus Strobus), Tree Facts, Habitat, Pictures | Coniferous Forest. https://www.coniferousforest.com/eastern-white-pine.htm. Accessed 23 July 2018.
|110||Eastern White Pine Lumber
Eastern White Pine lumber, used for flooring, sub-flooring or decking, tongue and grooved.
Reference: “Eastern White Pine.” New Hampton Lumber Co Inc., 9 Dec. 2011, http://newhamptonlumberco.com/eastern-white-pine/.