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The Softwoods (Conifers)

forest
A coniferous forest
Trees are generally classed in two groups, namely, Softwoods or Conifers, and Hardwoods or Broadleafs. Those classed as softwoods usually have needle-like or scale-like leaves and on all but the junipers, some cedars, yews, and a few others, the “fruit” is a “cone” or ball of woody, overlapping closed scales, beneath each scale of which is enfolded one or more seeds. The “cone” of the junipers and yews is a small berry-like fruit within the pulp of which one or more seeds are enveloped. Because the leaves or “needles” of most of the conifers, except the Baldcypress and larches, remain on the tree for several years, the name “evergreen” is given this group. The botanical name for these plants is Gymnosperm. The softwoods are technically designated as nonporous woods usually having resin canals, which include only the wood of Gymnospermae.


The softwood or conifer group of forest trees in the United States comprises 35 kinds of pines, 7 spruces, 3 larches or tamaracks, 4 hemlocks, 10 firs, 19 others, mostly cedars and cypresses, 4 yews and their relatives and 12 junipers, a total of 94 species. There is a total of about 845 native kinds of forest trees in the United States. In addition many exotic softwoods have been imported for ornamental and landscape purposes.

The hardness or softness of the wood does not have any bearing upon its classification as a Softwood or a Hardwood tree. Some coniferous (softwood) trees are harder in texture than some hardwoods. Longleaf Pine and Pacific Yew wood are very much harder than many hardwoods. There is much similarity in texture, grain and color of many of the softwoods. The most important representatives of the soft wood group are included in this book.

Recent edits

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Longleaf Pine 2047
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Grand Fir 1338
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Giant Sequoia 902
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Northern White-Cedar 1851
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John Morris 26 0 1 American Woods
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Eastern White Pine 2642
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The Softwoods (Conifers) 1321
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admin 17 3 2 Wood
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California Juniper 2135
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admin 14 1 0 Wood
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Virginia Pine 1854
10-31-2019 04:02
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admin 15 0 0 Wood
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Pitch Pine 2427
10-31-2019 04:01
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admin 17 0 1 Wood
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Red Pine 2514
10-31-2019 03:58
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Pinyon Pine 2483
10-31-2019 03:51
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admin 29 0 2 Wood
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Ponderosa Pine 2085
10-31-2019 03:49
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admin 23 0 2 Wood
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Sitka Spruce 1641
10-31-2019 03:43
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admin 27 0 1 Wood
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Spruce
Bald Cypress 2037
10-30-2019 19:47
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admin 63 0 3 Wood
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Eastern Hemlock 1605
10-30-2019 05:16
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admin 15 0 1 Wood
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Hemlock
Douglas Fir 1481
10-30-2019 04:07
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Western White Pine 1991
10-29-2019 19:02
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Redwood 1251
10-29-2019 19:00
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The American Woods Project 1273
10-18-2019 16:29
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The Hardwoods - Broadleafs
Fir
Pine
Cedar
Engelmann Spruce 1225
10-17-2019 19:23
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admin 16 1 0 Wood
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Spruce
Western Hemlock 763
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Hemlock
White Spruce 834
10-15-2019 19:48
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admin 17 0 0 Wood
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Spruce
Western Larch 753
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Larch
Eastern Larch 1213
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admin 16 0 0 Wood
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Larch
Pacific Yew 1164
08-30-2019 07:08
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admin 12 0 0 Wood
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California Nutmeg 1332
08-30-2019 07:06
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admin 4 0 0 Wood
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Sugar Pine 1879
08-24-2019 01:07
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Alligator Juniper 1568
08-10-2019 20:11
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Rocky Mountain Juniper 1641
05-19-2019 11:31
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Noble Fir 1002
04-04-2019 04:42
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admin 21 0 0 Wood
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Slash Pine 2709
03-06-2019 05:10
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Sierra Juniper 1784
02-16-2019 22:22
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Loblolly Pine 2419
02-08-2019 12:27
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Eastern Redcedar 2566
02-02-2019 22:01
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admin 40 0 1 Wood
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Cedar
Atlantic White-Cedar 2103
01-28-2019 19:31
spelling
admin 8 0 1 Wood
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Cedar
California Incense-Cedar 2144
01-15-2019 20:23
none
admin 31 0 0 Wood
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Cedar
Port Orford White-Cedar 788
01-11-2019 20:39
added cat
admin 11 0 0 American Woods
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Cedar
Western Red Cedar 735
01-11-2019 20:38
added cat
admin 27 0 0 Wood
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Cedar
Lodgepole Pine 2123
01-11-2019 10:58
added image references
admin 16 0 1 Wood
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Balsam Fir 2375
01-05-2019 14:16
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admin 22 0 0 Wood
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Shortleaf Pine 1119
10-22-2018 20:31
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admin 8 0 0 Wood
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Jack Pine 727
10-22-2018 20:29
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admin 8 0 0 Wood
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White Fir 642
10-21-2018 16:31
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admin 17 0 1 Wood
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Bibliography


  • Shelley E. Schoonover (American Woods) 1951 (Watling & Co. ) Santa Monica, CA 


Contributors to this page: admin .
Page last modified on Friday November 1, 2019 05:17:52 PDT by admin.