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The Softwoods (Conifers)

forest
A coniferous forest
Trees are generally classed in two groups, namely, Softwoods or Conifers, and Hardwoods or Broadleafs. Those classed as softwoods usually have needle-like or scale-like leaves and on all but the junipers, some cedars, yews, and a few others, the “fruit” is a “cone” or ball of woody, overlapping closed scales, beneath each scale of which is enfolded one or more seeds. The “cone” of the junipers and yews is a small berry-like fruit within the pulp of which one or more seeds are enveloped. Because the leaves or “needles” of most of the conifers, except the Baldcypress and larches, remain on the tree for several years, the name “evergreen” is given this group. The botanical name for these plants is Gymnosperm. The softwoods are technically designated as nonporous woods usually having resin canals, which include only the wood of Gymnospermae.


The softwood or conifer group of forest trees in the United States comprises 35 kinds of pines, 7 spruces, 3 larches or tamaracks, 4 hemlocks, 10 firs, 19 others, mostly cedars and cypresses, 4 yews and their relatives and 12 junipers, a total of 94 species. There is a total of about 845 native kinds of forest trees in the United States. In addition many exotic softwoods have been imported for ornamental and landscape purposes.

The hardness or softness of the wood does not have any bearing upon its classification as a Softwood or a Hardwood tree. Some coniferous (softwood) trees are harder in texture than some hardwoods. Longleaf Pine and Pacific Yew wood are very much harder than many hardwoods. There is much similarity in texture, grain and color of many of the softwoods. The most important representatives of the soft wood group are included in this book.

Recent edits

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The Softwoods (Conifers) 638
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California Juniper 1026
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Virginia Pine 720
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Pitch Pine 1227
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Red Pine 1303
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Pinyon Pine 1425
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Ponderosa Pine 1064
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Eastern White Pine 1351
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Sitka Spruce 606
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Spruce
Longleaf Pine 929
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Bald Cypress 888
10-30-2019 19:47
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Eastern Hemlock 525
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Hemlock
Douglas Fir 486
10-30-2019 04:07
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Western White Pine 1169
10-29-2019 19:02
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Redwood 683
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The American Woods Project 783
10-18-2019 16:29
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The Hardwoods - Broadleafs
Fir
Pine
Cedar
Engelmann Spruce 785
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Spruce
Western Hemlock 457
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Hemlock
White Spruce 570
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Spruce
Western Larch 473
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Larch
Eastern Larch 750
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Larch
Pacific Yew 278
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California Nutmeg 286
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Sugar Pine 915
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Alligator Juniper 385
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Rocky Mountain Juniper 711
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Noble Fir 662
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Slash Pine 1206
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Sierra Juniper 949
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Loblolly Pine 1069
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Eastern Redcedar 1249
02-02-2019 22:01
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Cedar
Atlantic White-Cedar 905
01-28-2019 19:31
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Cedar
California Incense-Cedar 977
01-15-2019 20:23
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Cedar
Port Orford White-Cedar 454
01-11-2019 20:39
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Cedar
Western Red Cedar 487
01-11-2019 20:38
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admin 27 0 0 Wood
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Cedar
Lodgepole Pine 1092
01-11-2019 10:58
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admin 16 0 1 Wood
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Balsam Fir 1114
01-05-2019 14:16
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Northern White-Cedar 938
01-03-2019 16:43
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Shortleaf Pine 814
10-22-2018 20:31
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Jack Pine 406
10-22-2018 20:29
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Grand Fir 514
10-21-2018 16:31
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White Fir 388
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Giant Sequoia 570
10-20-2018 07:46
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Bibliography


  • Shelley E. Schoonover (American Woods) 1951 (Watling & Co. ) Santa Monica, CA 

Contributors to this page: admin .
Page last modified on Friday November 1, 2019 05:17:52 PDT by admin.