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Butternut

Butternut

Butternut tree canopy
Reference: UFEI - SelecTree: A Tree Selection Guide. https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/juglans-cinerea. Accessed 8 Sept. 2019.

Information

Latin (group) name: Juglans
Latin (specific) name: Juglans Cinerea Linnaeus
Average max height: 35' to 100'
Average diameter: 20" to 30"
Associated state: none
Category: American Woods
The Hardwoods - Broadleafs

Growth Range Map

Butternut Range Map
Reference:"File:Juglans cinerea range map.jpg." Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. 16 Nov 2018, 13:09 UTC. 8 Sep 2019, 20:24 .

The Tree

The Butternut is usually not a large tree, seldom being more than 35 to 50 feet high and having a short trunk 12 to 30 inches in diameter, but in the forest it may occasionally grow from 80 to 100 feet high and three to four feet in diameter. The branches spread out into a wide symmetrical crown when the tree grows singly in open areas. It is very commonly called White Walnut and is very similar to Black Walnut in its shape and many other characteristics. The Butternut tree is prized more for its edible nuts than for the lumber it produces. The tree is comparatively short-lived and is very susceptible to breakage from the ravages of the weather and to attack by insects and disease. The nut is oblong in shape and deep-ridged. The kernel is very sweet, delicious in flavor, and is very rich and oily for which reason the name Oil-Nut is sometimes given the tree. The husk is pear shaped, sticky and has some properties as a dye of a yellow or orange color. The sap of the Butternut is very sweet and a syrup of fair quality may be made from it, but it is difficult to concentrate into sugar cakes as is done with maple sap.

butternut tree bark
Butternut tree bark
butternut foliage
Butternut Foliage
butternut fruit
Butternut Fruite



Common Names in Use

  • Butternut (Me, N.H., Vt., Mass, R.I., Conn., N.Y., N.J., Pa., Del., W. Va., N.C., S.C., Ala., Ark., Ky., Tenn, Mo., Ill., Iowa, Ind., Mich., Minn.,Wis., Kans., Nebr., Ohio, Ontario)
  • American White Walnut (trade)
  • Butternut (N.J.)
  • Lemon Walnut (lit)
  • Oil Nut (Me., Minn., N.H., S.C.)
  • Walnut (Minn)
  • White Walnut (Del., Pa., Tenn., Va., W. Va., N.C., S.C., Ala., Ky., Mo., Ill., Ind., Wis., Iowa., Nebr., Minn., S.Dak.)

Growth Range

The growth range of Butternut extends from New Brunswick, southern Quebec, and southern Ontario throughout the northeastern section of the United States from New England westward through New York to the southern part of the Lake States and southeastern corner of South Dakota as far south as northern Arkansas, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia and the northwestern tip of South Carolina.

The Wood

Butternut wood is lighter in weight and not as strong or durable as Black Walnut. It is coarse-grained, soft in texture. The heartwood is a gray-brown or light-chestnut-brown color, sometimes with a reddish tinge. The sapwood is narrow and a light-gray or light-brown color. When finished, the wood has a beautiful satiny luster. It may be worked easily with all types of tools, but being a soft wood must be worked with care and with very sharp tools.

butternut by hough
Butternut by Hough
butternut wood pieces
Butternut wood pieces

Uses

The wood is used mainly for interior finish and in the manufacture of furniture, some wooden ware and other cabinet work. It is used by wood carvers,and church altars are made of it. When quarter-sawed it has a very attractive figure and grain and may well be used to a greater extent in cabinet work and novelties.

butternut bowl turning
Butternut bowl turning by Lewis Kauffman
butternut bowl turning
Butternut bowl turning (bottom) by Lewis Kauffman

File References

  ID T Name Size Last modified Actions
446 Juglans Cinerea (Linnaeus)
Butternut tree canopy
Reference: UFEI - SelecTree: A Tree Selection Guide. https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/juglans-cinerea. Accessed 8 Sept. 2019.
1.06 MB 09-08-2019
447 Butternut Range Map
Butternut Range Map
Reference:"File:Juglans cinerea range map.jpg." Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. 16 Nov 2018, 13:09 UTC. 8 Sep 2019, 20:24 .
335.01 KB 09-08-2019
456 14. Juglans Cinerea Linnaeus
Romeyn B. Hough's American Woods, Volume I plate 14
Reference: Plate_14.Jpg (JPEG Image, 1873 × 2711 Pixels) - Scaled (33%). https://www.lib.ncsu.edu/specialcollections/forestry/hough/vlgimage/plate_14.jpg. Accessed 27 Oct. 2019.
329.45 KB 12-07-2019
457 Butternut Foliage
Butternut foliage
Reference: UFEI - SelecTree: A Tree Selection Guide. https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/juglans-cinerea. Accessed 27 Oct. 2019.
249.48 KB 10-27-2019
458 Butternut Turned Bowl (a)
Butternut turned bowl by Lewis Kauffman
Source: https://thepatriotwoodworker.com/uploads/monthly_2019_10/1688076083_bumblebeebutter.JPG.8cc24b8e815a44074905129ce1ec5240.JPG
194.88 KB 10-27-2019
460 Butternut Turned Bowl (c)
Butternut turned bowl by Lewis Kauffman
Source: https://thepatriotwoodworker.com/uploads/monthly_2019_10/423325348_bumblebeebutter1.JPG.f2a41d1db5e720ca5921f7ac944f4529.JPG
177.79 KB 10-27-2019
461 Butternut Fruit
Butternut fruit
Reference: UFEI - SelecTree: A Tree Selection Guide. https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/juglans-cinerea. Accessed 30 Oct. 2019.
Source: https://selectree.calpoly.edu/images/0700/44/original/juglans-cinerea-fruit-2.jpg
219.10 KB 10-29-2019
462 Butternut Wood
Butternut Wood 2"x4"x12" pieces
Reference: Woodcraft Woodshop - Butternut 2" x 4" x 12". /products/butternut-2-x-4-x-12. Accessed 30 Oct. 2019.
Source: https://woodcraft-production-weblinc.netdna-ssl.com/product_images/butternut-2-x-4-x-12/584518cf69702d19cc000f51/super_zoom.jpg?c=1480923343
352.95 KB 10-29-2019

Bibliography


  • Shelley E. Schoonover (American Woods) 1951 (Watling & Co. ) Santa Monica, CA 

Contributors to this page: admin .
Page last modified on Tuesday October 29, 2019 20:18:18 PDT by admin.