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The Softwoods (Conifers)

forest
A coniferous forest
Trees are generally classed in two groups, namely, Softwoods or Conifers, and Hardwoods or Broadleafs. Those classed as softwoods usually have needle-like or scale-like leaves and on all but the junipers, some cedars, yews, and a few others, the “fruit” is a “cone” or ball of woody, overlapping closed scales, beneath each scale of which is enfolded one or more seeds. The “cone” of the junipers and yews is a small berry-like fruit within the pulp of which one or more seeds are enveloped. Because the leaves or “needles” of most of the conifers, except the Baldcypress and larches, remain on the tree for several years, the name “evergreen” is given this group. The botanical name for these plants is Gymnosperm. The softwoods are technically designated as nonporous woods usually having resin canals, which include only the wood of Gymnospermae.


The softwood or conifer group of forest trees in the United States comprises 35 kinds of pines, 7 spruces, 3 larches or tamaracks, 4 hemlocks, 10 firs, 19 others, mostly cedars and cypresses, 4 yews and their relatives and 12 junipers, a total of 94 species. There is a total of about 845 native kinds of forest trees in the United States. In addition many exotic softwoods have been imported for ornamental and landscape purposes.

The hardness or softness of the wood does not have any bearing upon its classification as a Softwood or a Hardwood tree. Some coniferous (softwood) trees are harder in texture than some hardwoods. Longleaf Pine and Pacific Yew wood are very much harder than many hardwoods. There is much similarity in texture, grain and color of many of the softwoods. The most important representatives of the soft wood group are included in this book.

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State Trees 185
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The American Woods Project 216
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California Juniper 437
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Sierra Juniper 254
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Loblolly Pine 263
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Red Pine 323
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Eastern Redcedar 235
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Pinyon Pine 382
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Sugar Pine 299
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Longleaf Pine 214
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Grains and Figures in Wood 230
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Seasoning of Wood 253
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Cross-Section of Tree Trunk 272
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How a Tree Grows 265
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Atlantic White-Cedar 194
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Cedar
Western White Pine 374
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Eastern White Pine 364
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American Woods - Forward 138
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California Incense-Cedar 333
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Cedar
Port Orford White-Cedar 101
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Cedar
Western Red Cedar 139
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Cedar
Lodgepole Pine 290
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Ponderosa Pine 281
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Redwood 194
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Bald Cypress 273
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American Woods - Preface 117
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Balsam Fir 287
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Northern White-Cedar 294
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The Hobby of Woodworking 78
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The Softwoods (Conifers) 128
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Tree Names 87
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Eastern Larch 182
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Shortleaf Pine 257
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Virginia Pine 217
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Jack Pine 95
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Pitch Pine 489
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Noble Fir 144
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Grand Fir 142
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White Fir 106
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Douglas Fir 120
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Giant Sequoia 136
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Western Hemlock 115
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White Spruce 146
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Engelmann Spruce 221
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Sitka Spruce 147
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Western Larch 126
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Eastern Hemlock 131
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Bibliography


  • Shelley E. Schoonover (American Woods) 1951 (Watling & Co. ) Santa Monica, CA 

Contributors to this page: admin .
Page last modified on Thursday November 1, 2018 17:02:51 PDT by admin.