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The Softwoods (Conifers)

forest
A coniferous forest
Trees are generally classed in two groups, namely, Softwoods or Conifers, and Hardwoods or Broadleafs. Those classed as softwoods usually have needle-like or scale-like leaves and on all but the junipers, some cedars, yews, and a few others, the “fruit” is a “cone” or ball of woody, overlapping closed scales, beneath each scale of which is enfolded one or more seeds. The “cone” of the junipers and yews is a small berry-like fruit within the pulp of which one or more seeds are enveloped. Because the leaves or “needles” of most of the conifers, except the Baldcypress and larches, remain on the tree for several years, the name “evergreen” is given this group. The botanical name for these plants is Gymnosperm. The softwoods are technically designated as nonporous woods usually having resin canals, which include only the wood of Gymnospermae.


The softwood or conifer group of forest trees in the United States comprises 35 kinds of pines, 7 spruces, 3 larches or tamaracks, 4 hemlocks, 10 firs, 19 others, mostly cedars and cypresses, 4 yews and their relatives and 12 junipers, a total of 94 species. There is a total of about 845 native kinds of forest trees in the United States. In addition many exotic softwoods have been imported for ornamental and landscape purposes.

The hardness or softness of the wood does not have any bearing upon its classification as a Softwood or a Hardwood tree. Some coniferous (softwood) trees are harder in texture than some hardwoods. Longleaf Pine and Pacific Yew wood are very much harder than many hardwoods. There is much similarity in texture, grain and color of many of the softwoods. The most important representatives of the soft wood group are included in this book.

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The American Woods Project 504
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Seasoning of Wood 598
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Noble Fir 427
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State Trees 421
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Slash Pine 838
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California Juniper 718
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Sierra Juniper 627
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Loblolly Pine 691
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Red Pine 895
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Eastern Redcedar 736
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Cedar
Pinyon Pine 982
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Sugar Pine 623
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Longleaf Pine 579
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Grains and Figures in Wood 687
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Cross-Section of Tree Trunk 750
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How a Tree Grows 853
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Atlantic White-Cedar 524
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Western White Pine 802
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Eastern White Pine 909
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American Woods - Forward 311
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California Incense-Cedar 651
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Cedar
Port Orford White-Cedar 266
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Cedar
Western Red Cedar 315
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Cedar
Lodgepole Pine 750
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Ponderosa Pine 751
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Redwood 432
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Bald Cypress 564
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American Woods - Preface 280
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Balsam Fir 744
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Northern White-Cedar 612
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The Hobby of Woodworking 202
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The Softwoods (Conifers) 353
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Tree Names 211
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Shortleaf Pine 595
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Virginia Pine 488
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Jack Pine 260
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Pitch Pine 930
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Grand Fir 321
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White Fir 245
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Douglas Fir 283
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Giant Sequoia 369
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Western Hemlock 297
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White Spruce 376
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Engelmann Spruce 544
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Sitka Spruce 325
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Western Larch 291
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Eastern Hemlock 329
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Bibliography


  • Shelley E. Schoonover (American Woods) 1951 (Watling & Co. ) Santa Monica, CA 

Contributors to this page: admin .
Page last modified on Thursday November 1, 2018 17:02:51 PDT by admin.