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The Softwoods (Conifers)

forest
A coniferous forest
Trees are generally classed in two groups, namely, Softwoods or Conifers, and Hardwoods or Broadleafs. Those classed as softwoods usually have needle-like or scale-like leaves and on all but the junipers, some cedars, yews, and a few others, the “fruit” is a “cone” or ball of woody, overlapping closed scales, beneath each scale of which is enfolded one or more seeds. The “cone” of the junipers and yews is a small berry-like fruit within the pulp of which one or more seeds are enveloped. Because the leaves or “needles” of most of the conifers, except the Baldcypress and larches, remain on the tree for several years, the name “evergreen” is given this group. The botanical name for these plants is Gymnosperm. The softwoods are technically designated as nonporous woods usually having resin canals, which include only the wood of Gymnospermae.


The softwood or conifer group of forest trees in the United States comprises 35 kinds of pines, 7 spruces, 3 larches or tamaracks, 4 hemlocks, 10 firs, 19 others, mostly cedars and cypresses, 4 yews and their relatives and 12 junipers, a total of 94 species. There is a total of about 845 native kinds of forest trees in the United States. In addition many exotic softwoods have been imported for ornamental and landscape purposes.

The hardness or softness of the wood does not have any bearing upon its classification as a Softwood or a Hardwood tree. Some coniferous (softwood) trees are harder in texture than some hardwoods. Longleaf Pine and Pacific Yew wood are very much harder than many hardwoods. There is much similarity in texture, grain and color of many of the softwoods. The most important representatives of the soft wood group are included in this book.

Recent edits

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The Softwoods (Conifers) 630
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California Juniper 1021
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Virginia Pine 713
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Pitch Pine 1215
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Red Pine 1282
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Pinyon Pine 1412
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Ponderosa Pine 1061
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Eastern White Pine 1337
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Sitka Spruce 587
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Spruce
Longleaf Pine 921
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Bald Cypress 878
10-30-2019 19:47
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Eastern Hemlock 516
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Hemlock
Douglas Fir 474
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Western White Pine 1156
10-29-2019 19:02
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Redwood 675
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The American Woods Project 771
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The Hardwoods - Broadleafs
Fir
Pine
Cedar
Engelmann Spruce 775
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Spruce
Western Hemlock 452
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Hemlock
White Spruce 566
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Spruce
Western Larch 468
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Larch
Eastern Larch 740
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Larch
Pacific Yew 267
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California Nutmeg 271
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Sugar Pine 912
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Alligator Juniper 375
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Rocky Mountain Juniper 700
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Noble Fir 654
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Slash Pine 1200
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Sierra Juniper 941
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Loblolly Pine 1058
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Eastern Redcedar 1230
02-02-2019 22:01
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Cedar
Atlantic White-Cedar 893
01-28-2019 19:31
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Cedar
California Incense-Cedar 966
01-15-2019 20:23
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Cedar
Port Orford White-Cedar 446
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Cedar
Western Red Cedar 482
01-11-2019 20:38
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Cedar
Lodgepole Pine 1082
01-11-2019 10:58
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Balsam Fir 1094
01-05-2019 14:16
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Northern White-Cedar 931
01-03-2019 16:43
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Shortleaf Pine 810
10-22-2018 20:31
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Jack Pine 399
10-22-2018 20:29
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Grand Fir 505
10-21-2018 16:31
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White Fir 386
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Giant Sequoia 562
10-20-2018 07:46
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Bibliography


  • Shelley E. Schoonover (American Woods) 1951 (Watling & Co. ) Santa Monica, CA 

Contributors to this page: admin .
Page last modified on Friday November 1, 2019 05:17:52 PDT by admin.