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The Softwoods (Conifers)

forest
A coniferous forest
Trees are generally classed in two groups, namely, Softwoods or Conifers, and Hardwoods or Broadleafs. Those classed as softwoods usually have needle-like or scale-like leaves and on all but the junipers, some cedars, yews, and a few others, the “fruit” is a “cone” or ball of woody, overlapping closed scales, beneath each scale of which is enfolded one or more seeds. The “cone” of the junipers and yews is a small berry-like fruit within the pulp of which one or more seeds are enveloped. Because the leaves or “needles” of most of the conifers, except the Baldcypress and larches, remain on the tree for several years, the name “evergreen” is given this group. The botanical name for these plants is Gymnosperm. The softwoods are technically designated as nonporous woods usually having resin canals, which include only the wood of Gymnospermae.


The softwood or conifer group of forest trees in the United States comprises 35 kinds of pines, 7 spruces, 3 larches or tamaracks, 4 hemlocks, 10 firs, 19 others, mostly cedars and cypresses, 4 yews and their relatives and 12 junipers, a total of 94 species. There is a total of about 845 native kinds of forest trees in the United States. In addition many exotic softwoods have been imported for ornamental and landscape purposes.

The hardness or softness of the wood does not have any bearing upon its classification as a Softwood or a Hardwood tree. Some coniferous (softwood) trees are harder in texture than some hardwoods. Longleaf Pine and Pacific Yew wood are very much harder than many hardwoods. There is much similarity in texture, grain and color of many of the softwoods. The most important representatives of the soft wood group are included in this book.

Recent edits

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Grand Fir 763
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Giant Sequoia 709
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Northern White-Cedar 1304
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John Morris 26 0 1 American Woods
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Eastern White Pine 1905
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The Softwoods (Conifers) 1030
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California Juniper 1433
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Virginia Pine 1221
10-31-2019 04:02
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Pitch Pine 1794
10-31-2019 04:01
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admin 17 0 1 Wood
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Red Pine 1826
10-31-2019 03:58
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Pinyon Pine 1829
10-31-2019 03:51
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Ponderosa Pine 1508
10-31-2019 03:49
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Sitka Spruce 1021
10-31-2019 03:43
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Spruce
Longleaf Pine 1355
10-31-2019 03:42
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Bald Cypress 1369
10-30-2019 19:47
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admin 63 0 3 Wood
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Eastern Hemlock 962
10-30-2019 05:16
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Hemlock
Douglas Fir 888
10-30-2019 04:07
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Western White Pine 1553
10-29-2019 19:02
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Redwood 906
10-29-2019 19:00
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The American Woods Project 972
10-18-2019 16:29
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The Hardwoods - Broadleafs
Fir
Pine
Cedar
Engelmann Spruce 960
10-17-2019 19:23
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Spruce
Western Hemlock 589
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Hemlock
White Spruce 693
10-15-2019 19:48
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Spruce
Western Larch 592
10-15-2019 19:48
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Larch
Eastern Larch 961
10-15-2019 19:47
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Larch
Pacific Yew 594
08-30-2019 07:08
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California Nutmeg 679
08-30-2019 07:06
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Sugar Pine 1295
08-24-2019 01:07
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Alligator Juniper 846
08-10-2019 20:11
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Rocky Mountain Juniper 1070
05-19-2019 11:31
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Noble Fir 806
04-04-2019 04:42
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Slash Pine 1597
03-06-2019 05:10
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Sierra Juniper 1302
02-16-2019 22:22
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Loblolly Pine 1673
02-08-2019 12:27
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Eastern Redcedar 1821
02-02-2019 22:01
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Cedar
Atlantic White-Cedar 1385
01-28-2019 19:31
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Cedar
California Incense-Cedar 1407
01-15-2019 20:23
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admin 31 0 0 Wood
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Cedar
Port Orford White-Cedar 593
01-11-2019 20:39
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admin 11 0 0 American Woods
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Cedar
Western Red Cedar 599
01-11-2019 20:38
added cat
admin 27 0 0 Wood
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Cedar
Lodgepole Pine 1515
01-11-2019 10:58
added image references
admin 16 0 1 Wood
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Balsam Fir 1649
01-05-2019 14:16
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Shortleaf Pine 928
10-22-2018 20:31
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admin 8 0 0 Wood
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Jack Pine 521
10-22-2018 20:29
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admin 8 0 0 Wood
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White Fir 504
10-21-2018 16:31
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admin 17 0 1 Wood
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Bibliography


  • Shelley E. Schoonover (American Woods) 1951 (Watling & Co. ) Santa Monica, CA 

Contributors to this page: admin .
Page last modified on Friday November 1, 2019 05:17:52 PDT by admin.