The Hardwoods (Broadleafs)

oak trees
Hardwood Forest of Black Oak (pg.96 Schoonover)
The Hardwoods are commonly known as Broadleaf trees because of their broad netted-vein leaves. The botanical name for these plants is Dicotyledon. They are usually deciduous. Generally they grow in Temperate Zones and at comparatively low elevations. Our native forest hardwoods comprise 17 maples and boxelders, 7 birches, 61 oaks, 18 hickories, 19 ashes, 6 elms, 15 cottonwoods and poplars, 22 willows, 14 wild cherries, 11 wild plums, 10 wild apples, 178 hawthorns, 6 hackberries, 5 gums, 9 magnolias and 297 other miscellaneous species, including such trees as the mulberries, holly, locusts, persimmon, dogwood and walnuts. In addition, a large number of exotic trees, mostly hardwoods, have been introduced into the United States. They were brought in principally for ornamental and landscape planting, but many of them have escaped cultivation and have become well established in the forests, woodlots and along streams in the different sections of our country. This is true, for example, of the Chinaberry, Ailanthus, Tamarisk, Mimosa, and many others.

The wood produced from hardwood trees may be either hard or soft in texture; the hardness or softness of the wood does not necessarily place it in the softwood or hardwood classification. The wood of some hardwood trees, such as Basswood and Boxelder, is very much softer in texture than the wood of most softwood or coniferous trees.

Included in this volume is a representative list of hardwoods, selected because of their commercial importance, diversity of color and characteristics of grain, texture and figure.

Recent edits

Page Hits Last modification Last author Version Links Backl. Categories
The American Woods Project 710
10-13-2019 23:08
added cats
admin 25 0 2 Wood
American Woods
The Softwoods - Conifers
The Hardwoods - Broadleafs
Butternut 47
09-12-2019 04:28
admin 5 0 0 Wood
American Woods
The Hardwoods - Broadleafs
The Hardwoods (Broadleafs) 331
02-15-2019 21:05
added ref
admin 4 0 1 Wood
American Woods
The Hardwoods - Broadleafs


  • Shelley E. Schoonover (American Woods) 1951 (Watling & Co. ) Santa Monica, CA 

Contributors to this page: admin .
Page last modified on Friday February 15, 2019 21:05:47 PST by admin.