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Axe

Axe

The Gränsfors Broad Axe model 1900 has a traditional design and is suitable for squaring logs and planks, for example when building a log house. Broad Axes vary greatly depending on the shape of the head and edge and the angle of the handle.
Reference: “Gränsfors Broad Axe, Model 1900.” Gränsfors Bruk, https://www.gransforsbruk.com/en/product/gransfors-broad-axe-model-1900/. Accessed 23 Dec. 2018.

Information

Geographical origin: Oceania
Primary use: Chopping, Cutting, Surfacing
Alternative use: Carving
Pronunciation: /axs/ noun: axe; plural noun: axes; verb: axed, axing
Category: Hand Tool
Axe

Micro origin map





Etymology

axe (n.)
"edged instrument for hewing timber and chopping wood," also a battle weapon, Old English ces (Northumbrian acas) "axe, pickaxe, hatchet," later x, from Proto-Germanic *akusjo (source also of Old Saxon accus, Old Norse ex, Old Frisian axe, German Axt, Gothic aqizi), from PIE *agw(e)si- "axe" (source also of Greek axine, Latin ascia).1

axe (v.)
1670s, "to shape or cut with an axe," from axe (n.). Figurative meaning "to remove" (a person, from a position), "severely reduce" (expenses) is recorded by 1922. The axe in figurative sense of cutting of anything (expenses, workers, etc.), especially as a cost-saving measure, is from 1922, probably from the notion of the headman's literal axe (attested from mid-15c.). Related: Axed; axing.1

Pronunciation

English:

History

2 The axe has been around for a long time, being one of the oldest tools used by mankind as far back as 1.6 million years ago. The first known man to use the axe were Homo ergastar. These axes had no shaft, or any means to hold an axe other than by the axe head itself. These axes would be classified as hand axes for obvious reasons.

Use(s)

The axe is an ancient and ubiquitous tool that has been used for millennia to shape, split and cut wood, harvest timber, as a weapon and a ceremonial or heraldic symbol. The axe has many forms and specialized uses but generally consists of an axe head with a handle, or helve.

Types

  • Felling - Cuts across the grain of wood, as in the felling of trees. In single or double bit (the bit is the cutting edge of the head) forms and many different weights, shapes, handle types and cutting geometries to match the characteristics of the material being cut.
  • Splitting - Used to split with the grain of the wood. Splitting axe bits are more wedge shaped. This shape causes the axe to rend the fibres of the wood apart, without having to cut through them, especially if the blow is delivered with a twisting action at impact.
  • Broad - Used with the grain of the wood in precision splitting. Broad axe bits are chisel-shaped (one flat and one bevelled edge) facilitating more controlled work.
axe head types
Axe head types
broad axe
Gransfor Broad Axe
carving axe
Gransfor Carving Axe
mortise axe
Gransfor Mortise Axe

felling axe
Felling axe
gransfor brux splitting axe
Gransfor splitting axe

  • Adze - A variation featuring a head perpendicular to that of an axe. Rather than splitting wood side-by-side, it is used to rip a level surface into a horizontal piece of wood.

Gallery

man with the ax
The man with the axe by Paul Gauguin (1891)

Reading

Additional reading, please install links here directing your readers to more information about this subject.

Media

Links

American Axes (Oxford Academic)
Woodworking Tools and Axes (Clutch Axes)
David Fisher (Bowl Carver)

File References

  ID T Name Size Last modified Actions
278 Axe Patterns
Axe head patterns by Brant and Cochran
Reference: Axe Patterns – Brant & Cochran. https://www.bnctools.com/pages/axe-patterns. Accessed 25 Dec. 2018.
64.03 KB 12-24-2018
276 Gransfors Broad Axe.jpg
The Gränsfors Broad Axe model 1900 has a traditional design and is suitable for squaring logs and planks, for example when building a log house. Broad Axes vary greatly depending on the shape of the head and edge and the angle of the handle.
Reference: “Gränsfors Broad Axe, Model 1900.” Gränsfors Bruk, https://www.gransforsbruk.com/en/product/gransfors-broad-axe-model-1900/. Accessed 23 Dec. 2018.
227.82 KB 12-23-2018
279 Gransfors Carving Axe
The Gränsfors Large Carving Axe is used for woodworking and shaping wood.
Reference: Gränsfors Large Carving Axe - Gränsfors Bruk. https://www.gransforsbruk.com/en/product/gransfors-large-carving-axe/. Accessed 26 Dec. 2018.
976.46 KB 12-26-2018
281 Gransfor Carpenters Axe
Gransfor Carpenters Axe
Reference: Gränsfors Carpenter’s Axe - Gränsfors Bruk. https://www.gransforsbruk.com/en/product/gransfors-carpenters-axe/. Accessed 9 Jan. 2019.
895.54 KB 12-27-2018
274 Felling Axe
Felling Axe
Attribution: [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], from Wikimedia Commons
Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Felling_axe.jpg
189.12 KB 12-23-2018
339 Gransfors Large Splitting Axe
The splitting axe used primarily for splitting firewood.
Reference: “Gränsfors Large Splitting Axe.” Gränsfors Bruk, 17 Jan. 2019, https://www.gransforsbruk.com/en/product/gransfors-large-splitting-axe/.
Source: https://www.gransforsbruk.com/en/product/gransfors-large-splitting-axe/
99.88 KB 01-17-2019
276 Gransfors Broad Axe.jpg
The Gränsfors Broad Axe model 1900 has a traditional design and is suitable for squaring logs and planks, for example when building a log house. Broad Axes vary greatly depending on the shape of the head and edge and the angle of the handle.
Reference: “Gränsfors Broad Axe, Model 1900.” Gränsfors Bruk, https://www.gransforsbruk.com/en/product/gransfors-broad-axe-model-1900/. Accessed 23 Dec. 2018.
227.82 KB 12-23-2018
277 Paul Gauguin The Man With The Axe
The man with the axe by Paul Gauguin (1891)
Reference: "File:Paul Gauguin 029.jpg." Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. 28 May 2018, 15:16 UTC. 25 Dec 2018, 06:04 .

172.71 KB 12-24-2018

References

1 Axe | Origin and Meaning of Axe by Online Etymology Dictionary. https://www.etymonline.com/word/axe Accessed 23 Dec. 2018.

Bibliography


  • Gransfors Bruk Sweden (https://www.gransforsbruk.com/en/) Bergsjo, Sweden (2018) 

Contributors to this page: admin .
Page last modified on Wednesday March 27, 2019 03:09:22 PDT by admin.