Material Processing Research Portal


Material processing, the series of operations that transforms industrial materials from a raw-material state into finished parts or products. Industrial materials are defined as those used in the manufacture of “hard” goods, such as more or less durable machines and equipment produced for industry and consumers, as contrasted with disposable “soft” goods, such as chemicals, foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals, and apparel.1

Shipworkers using a Ships Carpenters Adze
Shipworkers using a Ships Carpenters Adze

Materials processing by hand is as old as civilization; mechanization began with the Industrial Revolution of the 18th century, and in the early 19th century the basic machines for forming, shaping, and cutting were developed, principally in England. Since then, materials-processing methods, techniques, and machinery have grown in variety and number.1

Welcome to the Material Processing category, Please use this category for your research projects pertaining to the processes included in the manipulation and changing of the main medium of wood. The projects that may be included in this category are related to the machinery, tools and products that are used to form and shape and finish the wood. For example you may want to create a page for a specific type of tool or machine, powered by conventional means or by human power. You may also want to create a page related to a process in finishing the wood. The world of tools, machinery and finishing are vast and expansive. Name all files and images appropriately before uploading to our server. Images and files that contain arbitrary titles or naming conventions will be removed from this wiki.


Create a project in the Material Processing category by clicking on one of the buttons below. Once the page is created you can choose the proper category in the "Properties" tab of your wiki page project.

Bench Plane Hand Tool Intro

Research links

The links provided below are helpful links for our editors to use, they are by no means meant to be the only source. If you find links that are helpful for the research of this subject, please include them below.

Project pages in this category

Page Hits Last modification Last author Version Links Backl. Categories
Plane 0
05-24-2020 21:21
img Plugin modified by editor.
admin 18 1 0 Material Processing
Hand Plane
Hand Tool
Material Processing Research Portal 6862
05-17-2020 14:45
added button
admin 41 0 0 Material Processing
Glossary of Woodworking Joints 2120
05-15-2020 06:17
admin 64 1 2 Material Processing
Glossary of Woodworking Hand Tools 3767
05-09-2020 08:19
admin 207 6 2 Material Processing
Glossary of Woodworking Machinery 1580
05-01-2020 17:00
img Plugin modified by editor.
John Morris 24 0 2 Material Processing
Froe 220
03-21-2020 20:43
John Morris 11 2 1 Material Processing
Hand Tool
Adze 4728
01-25-2020 18:44
admin 42 7 2 Material Processing
Hand Tool
Hammer 1368
12-27-2019 07:54
John Morris 49 4 2 Material Processing
Hand Tool
Lie Nielsen No. 6 672
12-14-2019 05:20
added care
John Morris 25 0 0 Material Processing
Hand Plane
Hand Tool
Bench Plane
Fore Plane
Lie Nielsen No.2 377
12-14-2019 05:20
added care
John Morris 7 0 0 Material Processing
Hand Plane
Hand Tool
Bench Plane
Smoothing Plane
Lie Nielsen No.1 525
12-14-2019 05:19
removed footnote
John Morris 14 0 0 Material Processing
Hand Plane
Hand Tool
Bench Plane
Smoothing Plane
Axe 2839
11-01-2019 04:37
img Plugin modified by editor.
admin 93 1 5 Material Processing
Hand Tool
Material Processing 1121
01-20-2019 20:16
admin 5 0 0 Material Processing
Hand Tool

Files and images in this category

  ID T Name Actions
546 19th Century Knowledge Woodworking Adze And Axe
19th century knowledge woodworking adze and axe
Reference: "File:19th century knowledge woodworking adze and axe.jpg." Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. 26 Jan 2014, 23:25 UTC. 25 Jan 2020, 05:06 .
Attribution: Chas. A. Strelinger & Company [Public domain]
548 19th Century Screwdriver
The screwdriver, which began to appear regularly on the woodworker's bench after 1800, did not share the long evolution and tradition of other Anglo-American tool designs. The screwdriver in its early versions frequently had a scalloped blade for no other purpose than decoration. (Smithsonian photo 49794.)
Reference: The Project Gutenberg EBook of Woodworking Tools, 1600–1900, by Peter C. Welsh. http://www.gutenberg.org/files/27238/27238-h/27238-h.htm. Accessed 6 Feb. 2020.
67 Adzes
This file was made by B. M. Askholm, www.baskholm.dk/baskholm Please credit this: B. Askholm foto.

By No machine-readable author provided. B. Askholm assumed (based on copyright claims). [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html), CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) or CC BY-SA 2.5-2.0-1.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5-2.0-1.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
423 André Jacob Roubo Workbench
Workbench designed and published by André Jacob Roubo circa 1769 to 1774.
The image is from André Jacob Roubo's multi-volume work, L'Art du Menuisier (The Art of the Joiner), published between 1769 and 1774 by the Académie des Sciences.
Attribution: André Jacob Roubo [Public domain]
Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Andr%C3%A9_Jacob_Roubo_Workbench.jpg
68 Austria Sculptors Hand Adze
The Austria Sculptors Hand Adze

Citation: Austria Sculptures Hand Adze, 3” Wide Edge. https://www.toolexchange.com.au/our-tools/adzes/austria-sculptures-hand-adze-3-quot-wide-edge. Accessed 8 Oct. 2017.
233 Austrian Woodworker And Hand Plane In Mieders
Side view of man using planer in shop.
Reference: Austria, Woodworker Using Planer at Shop in Mieders. https://collections.lib.uwm.edu/digital/collection/agseurope/id/995. Accessed 1 Nov. 2018.
278 Axe Patterns
Axe head patterns by Brant and Cochran
Reference: Axe Patterns – Brant & Cochran. https://www.bnctools.com/pages/axe-patterns. Accessed 25 Dec. 2018.
514 Ball Pein Hammer
Buck Knives ball pein hammer
Attribution: James Case from Philadelphia, Mississippi, U.S.A. [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)]
Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Buck_Knives_Hammer_(5075278861).jpg
69 Barr Hewing Adze
The Barr Hewing Adze (Ship Carpenter's Adze) is specifically designed for hewing timbers. When used in conjunction with a scarf slick. The handle is ash, the cutting edge is 4½".

Reference: Barr Hewing Adze - Ship Carpenter’s Adze. https://www.loghelp.com/products/barr-hewing-adze-ship-carpenters-adze.asp. Accessed 27 June 2018.
422 Basic Bench
A basic workbench being used by a boy, using a hand plane and end-vise.
Attribution: By Bob Key - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=757474
Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Basicbench.jpg


1 Britannica, E. “Materials Processing”. Encyclopedia Britannica, 24 July 2019, https://www.britannica.com/technology/materials-processing.

Contributors to this page: admin .
Page last modified on Sunday May 17, 2020 14:45:00 PDT by admin.