Material Processing Research Portal


Material processing, the series of operations that transforms industrial materials from a raw-material state into finished parts or products. Industrial materials are defined as those used in the manufacture of “hard” goods, such as more or less durable machines and equipment produced for industry and consumers, as contrasted with disposable “soft” goods, such as chemicals, foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals, and apparel.1

Shipworkers using a Ships Carpenters Adze
Shipworkers using a Ships Carpenters Adze

Materials processing by hand is as old as civilization; mechanization began with the Industrial Revolution of the 18th century, and in the early 19th century the basic machines for forming, shaping, and cutting were developed, principally in England. Since then, materials-processing methods, techniques, and machinery have grown in variety and number.1

Welcome to the Material Processing category, Please use this category for your research projects pertaining to the processes included in the manipulation and changing of the main medium of wood. The projects that may be included in this category are related to the machinery, tools and products that are used to form and shape and finish the wood. For example you may want to create a page for a specific type of tool or machine, powered by conventional means or by human power. You may also want to create a page related to a process in finishing the wood. The world of tools, machinery and finishing are vast and expansive. Name all files and images appropriately before uploading to our server. Images and files that contain arbitrary titles or naming conventions will be removed from this wiki.


Create a project in the Material Processing category by clicking on one of the buttons below. Once the page is created you can choose the proper category in the "Properties" tab of your wiki page project.

Bench Plane

Research links

The links provided below are helpful links for our editors to use, they are by no means meant to be the only source. If you find links that are helpful for the research of this subject, please include them below.

Project pages in this category

Page Hits Last modification Last author Version Links Backl. Categories
Axe 1291
08-24-2019 01:44
delete slider
admin 81 1 3 Material Processing
Hand Tool
Glossary of Woodworking Joints 790
08-15-2019 19:33
added drawbore
admin 48 1 0 Material Processing
Lie Nielsen No.1 217
08-10-2019 06:25
added category
admin 6 0 0 Material Processing
Hand Plane
Hand Tool
Bench Plane
Smoothing Plane
Glossary of Woodworking Hand Tools 1083
08-09-2019 10:13
mouseover Plugin modified by editor.
admin 162 3 0 Material Processing
Hand Tool
Lie Nielsen No.2 89
07-29-2019 19:35
added categories
admin 3 0 0 Material Processing
Hand Plane
Hand Tool
Bench Plane
Smoothing Plane
Material Processing Research Portal 3756
07-24-2019 21:16
added citation
admin 31 0 0 Material Processing
Lie Nielsen No. 6 283
07-23-2019 12:25
add category
admin 22 0 0 Material Processing
Hand Plane
Hand Tool
Bench Plane
Fore Plane
Adze 2921
06-26-2019 18:45
admin 34 7 2 Material Processing
Hand Tool
Glossary of Woodworking Machinery 536
05-21-2019 04:22
added text
admin 12 0 0 Material Processing
Hammer 859
01-20-2019 20:49
admin 29 4 1 Material Processing
Hand Tool
Material Processing 536
01-20-2019 20:16
admin 5 0 0 Material Processing
Hand Tool

Files and images in this category

  ID T Name Actions
17 Ships Carpenters Adze
Ship carpenters use adzes on structural timbers for Constitution‘s extensive 1927-1931 restoration. [Courtesy U.S. Navy]

Reference: “Axes and Adzes.” USS Constitution Museum, 28 July 2015, https://ussconstitutionmuseum.org/2015/07/28/axes-and-adzes/.
31 Studley Tool Chest (1)
Reference: Press, Lost Art. “Pre-Publication Orders for ‘Virtuoso: The Tool Cabinet and Workbench of Henry O. Studley.’” Lost Art Press, 31 Mar. 2015, https://blog.lostartpress.com/2015/03/31/pre-publication-orders-for-virtuoso-the-tool-cabinet-and-workbench-of-henry-o-studley/.
52 Japanese Pull Saw By Nakashima
Japanese pull saw used by George Nakashima

Reference: Inc, Time. LIFE. Time Inc, 1970.
Source: https://books.google.com/books?id=3FUEAAAAMBAJ&lpg=PP1&pg=PA74#v=onepage&q&f=true
65 Hand Adze, Hollowing
“This tools works well, I used it a lot this summer making hewn bowls. Jogge Sundqvist taught me to swing or pivot it from the wrist, while ‘throwing” it too. I followed this tool with a curved drawknife, called an inshave. I have one I bought many years ago, it’s OK but not a great tool. It’s just that by the time good inshaves were available, I was getting out of Windsor chairmaking.” (Peter Follansbee)

Attribution: Peter Follansbee, Jointers notes.
Source: https://pfollansbee.wordpress.com/2011/01/30/extra-curricular-woodworking-welsh-style-chair/
66 Pronunciation En Adze
Reference: Team, Forvo. “Pronunciations for Adze (from Adze to Adze).” Forvo.Com, https://forvo.com/search/adze/. Accessed 1 July 2018.
67 Adzes
This file was made by B. M. Askholm, www.baskholm.dk/baskholm Please credit this: B. Askholm foto.

By No machine-readable author provided. B. Askholm assumed (based on copyright claims). [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html), CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) or CC BY-SA 2.5-2.0-1.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5-2.0-1.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
68 Austria Sculptors Hand Adze
The Austria Sculptors Hand Adze

Citation: Austria Sculptures Hand Adze, 3” Wide Edge. https://www.toolexchange.com.au/our-tools/adzes/austria-sculptures-hand-adze-3-quot-wide-edge. Accessed 8 Oct. 2017.
69 Barr Hewing Adze
The Barr Hewing Adze (Ship Carpenter's Adze) is specifically designed for hewing timbers. When used in conjunction with a scarf slick. The handle is ash, the cutting edge is 4½".

Reference: Barr Hewing Adze - Ship Carpenter’s Adze. https://www.loghelp.com/products/barr-hewing-adze-ship-carpenters-adze.asp. Accessed 27 June 2018.
70 Broad Axe Vs The Adze
Illustration by Eric Sloane. Drawing of the proper use of an adze which was to plane down, or make smooth, a timber that was previously hewn with an axe.

Reference: “The Broad Axe vs. the Adze.” Handmade Houses... with Noah Bradley, 27 June 2017, https://handmadehouses.com/the-broad-axe-vs-the-adze/.
71 Carpenters Adze
This carpenters Adze has a slight crown that produces a rigid blade.
Weight: 2-3/4 lb
Face: 3-3/4"
Handle: Hickory or Ash

Reference: Barr Hewing Adze - Ship Carpenter’s Adze. https://www.loghelp.com/products/barr-hewing-adze-ship-carpenters-adze.asp. Accessed 27 June 2018.


1 Britannica, E. “Materials Processing”. Encyclopedia Britannica, 24 July 2019, https://www.britannica.com/technology/materials-processing.

Contributors to this page: admin .
Page last modified on Wednesday July 24, 2019 21:16:39 PDT by admin.