Material Processing Research Portal

Horizontal Log Band Mill (Carpentry And Joinery, 1925)
Horizontal Log Band Mill (Carpentry And Joinery, 1925)
Material processing, the series of operations that transforms industrial materials from a raw-material state into finished parts or products. Industrial materials are defined as those used in the manufacture of “hard” goods, such as more or less durable machines and equipment produced for industry and consumers, as contrasted with disposable “soft” goods, such as chemicals, foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals, and apparel.

Materials processing by hand is as old as civilization; mechanization began with the Industrial Revolution of the 18th century, and in the early 19th century the basic machines for forming, shaping, and cutting were developed, principally in England. Since then, materials-processing methods, techniques, and machinery have grown in variety and number.

Welcome to the Material Processing category, Please use this category for your research projects pertaining to the processes included in the manipulation and changing of the main medium of wood. The projects that may be included in this category are related to the machinery, tools and products that are used to form and shape and finish the wood. For example you may want to create a page for a specific type of tool or machine, powered by conventional means or by human power. You may also want to create a page related to a process in finishing the wood. The world of tools, machinery and finishing are vast and expansive. Name all files and images appropriately before uploading to our server. Images and files that contain arbitrary titles or naming conventions will be removed from this wiki.

Research Links
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Create a project in the Material Processing category by clicking on Create a Wiki Page. Once the page is created you can choose the Material Processing category in the “Properties” tab of your wiki page project.

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File Gallery: Material Processing

  ID T Name Actions
89 Making Paddle With Adze, Tobi, Western Caroline Islands, Micronesia
“Native Micronesian making a paddle with an adze for his outrigger canoe. NOAA’s Small World Collection Location: Tobi, Western Caroline Islands Photographer: Dr. James P. McVey, NOAA Sea Grant Program”

Attribution:By Dr. James P. McVey, NOAA Sea Grant Program - http://www.photolib.noaa.gov/htmls/mvey0054.htm, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=37793273

83 The Adze And The Ungrooved Axe Of The New England Indians
“The Adze and the Ungrooved Axe of the New England Indians” is an article from American Anthropologist, Volume 9. https://archive.org/search.php?query=collection%3Ajstor_ameranth%20AND%20volume%3A9

Attribution: Willoughby, Charles C. The Adze and the Ungrooved Axe of the New England Indians. American Anthropologist, 1907. Internet Archive, http://archive.org/details/jstor-659589.
81 Studley Cabinet And Bench
Attribution: “Exhibit Experience.” The H. O. Studley Tool Chest & Workbench, 12 Apr. 2014, http://new.studleytoolchestexhibit.com/exhibit-experience/.
78 Rack Sawbench (Carpentry And Joinery, 1925)
‘Rack Saw-bench with Self-acting Top’
Circular saw ripping sawbench. The saw in this case remains fixed, but the sliding table moves past it on rollers, carrying the log with it. Note the lack of splitter, not unusual for this period.

Attribution: By Andy Dingley (scanner) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
Source: Scan from Ednie, John (editor) (1925) Carpentry and Joinery, Carpentry and Joinery, vol. V, London: Gresham Publishing, pp. fig. 27 
55 Rye Shipyard The Construction Of Motor Fishing Vessels, Rye, Sussex, England, UK, 1944
Shipwright Herbert Page from Hastings uses an adze to trim and shape a large timber destined for use in the construction of a Motor Fishing Vessel at Rye shipyard, Sussex. The timber has been cut from specially selected trees, which have been allowed to weather in the shipyard before sawing and shaping.

Attribution: RYE SHIPYARD. http://www.iwm.org.uk/collections/item/object/205201404. Accessed 28 Oct. 2017.
67 Ships Carpenters Adze
Adzes are used to chip away at the surface of the timber, either to reduce its size or to shape it to a particular dimension. Depending on the size of the adze and curvature of the blade, a skilled adzeman could plane the surface of the timber quite smoothly with little trace of the adze blade.

In this 1927 photo these ships carpenters are using adzes on structural timbers for the USS Constitution‘s extensive 1927-1931 restoration. Courtesy U.S. Navy

Attribution: “Axes and Adzes.” USS Constitution Museum, 28 July 2015, https://ussconstitutionmuseum.org/2015/07/28/axes-and-adzes/.
56 Hand Adze, Hollowing
This tools works well, I used it a lot this summer making hewn bowls. Jogge Sundqvist taught me to swing or pivot it from the wrist, while ‘throwing” it too. I followed this tool with a curved drawknife, called an inshave. I have one I bought many years ago, it’s OK but not a great tool. It’s just that by the time good inshaves were available, I was getting out of Windsor chairmaking. (Peter Follansbee)

Attribution: Peter Follansbee, Jointers notes.
Source: https://pfollansbee.wordpress.com/2011/01/30/extra-curricular-woodworking-welsh-style-chair/
54 KM Jungsteinzeit Dechsel
Eggenburg ( Lower Austria ). Krahuletz-Museum: Neolithic adze.

By Wolfgang Sauber (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
53 Pronunciation En Adze
52 Adzes
This file was made by B. M. Askholm, www.baskholm.dk/baskholm Please credit this: B. Askholm foto.

By No machine-readable author provided. B. Askholm assumed (based on copyright claims). [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html), CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) or CC BY-SA 2.5-2.0-1.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5-2.0-1.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
51 Austria Sculptors Hand Adze
The Austria Sculptors Hand Adze

Citation: Austria Sculptures Hand Adze, 3” Wide Edge. https://www.toolexchange.com.au/our-tools/adzes/austria-sculptures-hand-adze-3-quot-wide-edge. Accessed 8 Oct. 2017.
50 Gransfors Gutter Adze
The Gränsfors Small Gutter Adze is a kind of adze with a different cutting edge that is rounded up at the ends. Its area of use is hollowing out timber, for example to make a trough, old-style gutters and notchwork in log-building, for which the rounded edge is ideal. The Small Gutter Adze is usually kept for when the user is working close to the log, making a small axe with a shorter handle preferable.
“Gränsfors Small Gutter Adze.” Gränsfors Bruk. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2017.
49 Cooperadze
Cooper’s adze, mounted as exhibit. This adze was in use by Jules Van den Bossche, the last cooper of Willebroek, Belgium

By LHOON (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], via Wikimedia Commons
48 WLA Brooklynmuseum Boat Building Scene 2.jpg
Description:Boat-Building Scene, ca. 664-634 B.C.E. Limestone, painted, 7 5/8 x 10 5/8 in. (19.4 x 27 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Charles Edwin Wilbour Fund, 51.14.

Source:See page for author [CC BY 2.5 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5)], via Wikimedia Commons
43 Sciage Du Placage Roubo
Sawing of veneer by Roubo. Carpenter and author of an encyclopedia end XVIII °

Attribution: By Roubo (archives Wagner Chavanis) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
Source: archives Wagner Chavanis
44 André Jacob Roubo Workbench
Workbench designed and published by André Jacob Roubo circa 1769 to 1774.
The image is from André Jacob Roubo’s multi-volume work, L’Art du Menuisier (The Art of the Joiner), published between 1769 and 1774 by the Académie des Sciences.

Attribution: By André Jacob Roubo (b.1739 - d.1791). [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
Source: Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons.The original uploader was IQ125 at English Wikipedia
41 Universal Woodworker (Carpentry And Joinery, 1925)
Universal Woodworker machine: a combination planer, saw and moulder. Note the use of a square cutter head with flat plate cutters bolted to it.

Attribution: By Andy Dingley (scanner) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
Source: Scan from Ednie, John (editor) (1925) Carpentry and Joinery, Carpentry and Joinery, vol. V, London: Gresham Publishing, pp. fig. 52 
39 Canadian Forest Industries 1907
Canadian Forest Industries image from the book at https://archive.org/stream/canadianforest1907donm/#page/n360/mode/1up

Attribution: By Internet Archive Book Images [No restrictions], via Wikimedia Commons
Source: Canadian forest industries 1907 (1907) (20515680292).jpg. (2017, April 4). Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Retrieved 04:30, September 28, 2017 from https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php title=File:Canadian_forest_industries_1907_(1907)_(20515680292).jpg&oldid=239750105.
14 Horizontal Log Band Mill (Carpentry And Joinery, 1925)
Horizontal Log Band Mill made by Robinson & Co. of Rochdale, England.
Used for breaking down either round or square logs, and sawing flitches or boards. This saw is specialized for accurate cutting, with a fine gauge saw band and also careful attention paid to the accuracy and stability of the bearings. The log is carried on a carriage moving beneath a stationary saw gantry. Both saw and feed are driven by separate electric motors.

Attribution: By Andy Dingley (scanner) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons.
Source: Scan from Ednie, John (editor) (1925) Carpentry and Joinery, Carpentry and Joinery, vol. IV, London: Gresham Publishing, pp. 63, fig. 6